In boating jargon, mooring one’s boat at the harbor or mooring is an operation that involves attaching a boat to a dock, buoy, or another boat through a rope called mooring, butt or hawser. The rope used to immobilize the boat and hold it in place is usually attached to a dart, a bollard, or a cleat. If you think about the square stern fishing canoe then it can also be the same way.
Mooring a boat is a delicate operation that punctuates a maneuver port and requires much attention and practice. The mooring procedure and the number of moorings vary according to the type of boat, the navigation area and the berth.
So what are the different types of mooring?
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Types of moorings
In general, there are three types of moorings: spikes, guards, and ferries.
The tips are ropes that go outward.
The guards are ropes that cross the front to back and vice versa.
As for the ferries, they are perpendicular to the boat. Although they are not always essential, ferries help to improve the stability of the boat during mooring.
The mooring lines are made of either polyamide or polyester. The diameter of the mooring lines must be chosen carefully to ensure the safety of the mooring and the weight of your boat.
A simple trick is to add 2 meters to the length of the boat to determine the diameter of the mooring lines (in mm).
For example: for a 10 m boat, mooring lines of 12 mm diameter should be chosen. However, for boats longer than 13.50 m, mooring over 20 mm is recommended.
Mooring along a dock (or alongside)
In this type of mooring, the boat is moored parallel to the dock using four mooring lines, two of which are placed at the front and two at the stern.
As the boat is subject to the movements of the sea, it is necessary to adapt the length of the moorings to avoid a possible shock with the dock. Likewise, it is essential to follow the evolution of the meteorological conditions, which can impact the stability of the boat.
Mooring boat “ass to the dock.”
The boat is moored perpendicular to the wharf. At the front, it is held by a trunk (buoy floating firmly connected to a dead body), an anchor, or a dangle (a rope or a chain connected to a mother chain attached to a dead body).
At the back, it is restrained by mooring lines attached to cocks, rings, or cleats.
With this type of mooring, it is possible to add cross lines to the rear to limit the lateral swing of the boat. If your boat has an outboard motor, then you should know how to drive a boat with an outboard motor.
Mooring boat to another boat
This technique involves mooring the boat by tying the moorings to the cleats of another boat. It is advisable to spend some moorings on the dock to ease the forces exerted on the boat are along the wharf. you will get some interesting tips on how to save fuel in motorboating.
Moor your boat on a gateway
The pontoons and quays can be equipped with catwalks. These are small perpendicular floating wharves that run along the length of the moored boats. Mooring a boat on a pathway is usually done in the same way as docking on a dock.
The two moorings or front points are used to stabilize the bow and adjust the distance between the boat and the pontoon. The rear guard (guard down) keeps the boat as close as possible to the gateway. As for the front guard (rising guard), it makes it possible to immobilize the boat to prevent it from advancing on the pontoon. It is useful to use ferries to stabilize the boat and facilitate boarding and disembarking operations.
Mooring boat on a chest
This mooring technique is generally used by large vessels such as tankers or tankers. It requires the use of a small boat that will guide the ship throughout the mooring. Your best-welded aluminum Jon boat can also be in the same category for using the technique.
The hawsers are routed by the small boat with great care to the mooring boxes.
During this operation, the speed and direction of movement of the ship and the mooring boat must be synchronized to avoid any tension on the hawsers that could capsize the small boat.
For sailboats and small boats, it is also possible to moor on a buoy or between two buoys for better stability.
Practical tips to properly moor your boat
To moor your boat properly, you must master the mooring techniques and use appropriate equipment. It is mandatory to use at least two moorings, each of which is longer than 4 meters. For a better balance, use four moorings and two ferries. When mooring, always tie the rear binding first before attaching the front one. The moorings must be stretched without being stiff to avoid blows.