Have you ever heard of watercolor, acrylic, or oil painting? Certainly. But what about gouache?
The gouache painting is far less well-known than its comrades, but once you get to know it, you will love it because it is a real alternative to the usual colors and painting techniques.
In this guide, you will learn what gouache is and how to paint fantastic pictures and calligraphy with the paint. Finally, we also look at the works of well-known gouache painters who have forever influenced the use of color.
Table of Contents
- Special features of the gouache painting
- Required material for the gouache painting
- Painting with gouache: the painting techniques
- Lettering: Paint and write with gouache
- Famous gouache painter
Special features of the gouache painting
Gouache painting belongs to the family of watercolors. The Italian term “gouache” is translated as “pool” and refers to the property of the colors that are water-soluble thanks to gum arabic as a binder.
Like watercolor paints, you can dilute gouache with water and apply it as a glaze. But also a pasty and covering order, as in oil painting, is possible. With the advantage that gouache, as the painting technique is called, dries very quickly and you can easily paint over dark layers of paint with a lighter color (e.g., for corrections). The pasty application creates furrows in the paint surface, which you can use to create the illusion of surface texture, as in acrylic or oil painting. Also, already dried color areas can be redeemed with water again.
Gouache paints consist of a crushed color pigment that has been stretched with chalk. It dries quickly and allows you a paste and opaque paint application.
Compared to the usual school watercolors, Gouache has more color pigments and less binder and extender, so it is less dull in the color result. Gouache is lightfast, which keeps its colors longer. Even if the colors become lighter and soft after drying.
When painting gouache, “white” is used, so you can paint the colors impasto, as in the oil and acrylic painting. The color result is not as bright and intense as a watercolor. You can use gouache paints to create very subtle and gentle shades that give the impression of velvety matt surfaces. Although the chalk-dry character is somewhat lackluster compared to the oil painting, your gouache painting can be viewed from all sides without any incident light disturbing the viewing angle.